The State Flower of Maryland: Black-Eyed Susan

The Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) has been the official Maryland flower since 1918. Black-eyed Susans are common in Maryland fields and roadsides. Read complete about the State Flower of Maryland: Black-Eyed Susan.

  • Black-Eyed Susan
  • Maryland State Flower
  • State Flower of Maryland

Flowers have long held symbolic significance in various cultures, often representing beauty, growth, and the natural world. In the United States, each state has designated an official state flower that embodies unique qualities and characteristics of that state. For Maryland state flower, it is the vibrant and captivating Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). This golden-yellow wildflower not only adds a splash of color to Maryland's landscapes but also carries historical, ecological, and cultural significance.

Maryland is a state located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is bordered by Delaware to the east, Pennsylvania to the north, West Virginia to the west, and Virginia to the south. To the east, Maryland also has a significant coastline along the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. Maryland has a rich heritage and is known for its blue crab industry, which is celebrated through its cuisine. The state also has a vibrant arts scene, historic sites, and annual festivals.


The Black-Eyed Susan Flower, scientifically known as Rudbeckia hirta, belongs to the Asteraceae family, commonly referred to as the aster family or sunflower family. This perennial wildflower typically grows between 1 to 3 feet tall, producing daisy-like blooms with striking golden-yellow petals and a dark brown central disk. The central disk resembles a dark "eye," which lends the flower its name.

Habitat and Distribution:

Black-Eyed Susans are native to North America and can be found across much of the United States. They thrive in a variety of habitats, including meadows, prairies, open woodlands, and roadsides. In Maryland, these cheerful flowers are a common sight along roadsides, in fields, and even in urban gardens. Their adaptability and resilience make them a favorite among gardeners and a vital component of the state's ecosystem.

Cultural Significance:

The Black-Eyed Susan holds deep cultural significance in Maryland. Apart from being the state flower, it is also celebrated as the official flower of the Preakness Stakes, a famous horse race held annually in Baltimore. A blanket of Black-Eyed Susans is traditionally draped over the winning horse, adding a touch of natural elegance to the event. This tradition has been part of the Preakness Stakes since the 1910s.

Historical Roots:

The Black-Eyed Susan was officially designated as State Flower of Maryland in 1918. The choice of this flower was influenced by its prevalence across the state's landscape and its ability to thrive in various conditions. Moreover, the flower's vibrant colors and timeless beauty make it a perfect representation of Maryland's natural splendor.

Ecological Importance:

Black-Eyed Susans play a crucial role in Maryland's ecosystem. They attract pollinators like bees, butterflies, and other insects, contributing to the overall health of local flora and fauna. Their seeds also provide a valuable food source for birds and small mammals. As native plants, they contribute to biodiversity and assist in maintaining a balanced ecosystem.

Black-Eyed Susans Landscaping:

Gardeners in Maryland and beyond appreciate Black-Eyed Susans for their low maintenance requirements and ability to thrive in a variety of soil conditions and are also found at Florist Baltimore MD with easy Baltimore MD Flower Delivery. They can be incorporated into wildflower gardens, prairie-style landscapes, or even traditional flower beds. These flowers are often used to create stunning displays of color, either on their own or in combination with other native plants.

The Black-Eyed Susan stands as a symbol of Maryland's natural beauty that you can get at The Flower Cart, historical traditions, and ecological importance. Its vibrant appearance, hardy nature, and cultural significance make it a beloved and recognized wildflower not only within the state but also across the country. As a representative of Maryland's diverse ecosystem, the Black-Eyed Susan reminds us of the value of native plants and the importance of preserving the natural world for generations to come.

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